There is no expact number of wks that it takes to recover. The only way to know for sure is to have lab work done to make sure that your functions have all returned to normal and that your test is back to the normal range. Thats the only way to know for sure. If you are not going to do that, the common accepted notion is that time on plus pct equals time off. that means, if you do a 10 wk cycle, wait 2 wks to start pct and then do a 3 wk pct, after PCT is over, you would wait 15 wks to start your next cycle.
Since you are still very new to AAS, I would avoid using prop in your cutting cycle. Its only advantage is that you may build up less estogen on prop. Thing is, estrogen can be controlled with an AI while using a long acting test, and you can avoid doing every day or every other day injections of what can be for many, a very painful ester. When you are ready to do your cutting cycle, I would lay it out like this.
test e 250mg EW
clen starting at 40mcg ED and adding 20mcg every 2 wks. when you reach 120mcg, stay there for the rest of the cycle
adex .5mg EOD, if you find that your joints begin getting too dry, reduce the dose to .5mg 3x wk
GP oral Stan(winny) 50mg ED, split into 2 daily doses
PCT starts 2 wks after your last injection